TNA9: Access to FKL

WP Leader: Nikolaos Mihalopoulos


Name of the infrastructure: Finokalia (FKL)
Location (town, country): Finokalia, Crete, Greece.
Web site address:

Legal name of organisation operating the infrastructure: Foundation of Research and Technology Hellas (FORTH)
Location of organisation (town, country): Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Annual operating costs (excl. investment costs) of the infrastructure (€): 105.852

Description of the infrastructure:
Finokalia infrastructure (FKL) comprises the following measurements

  • CIMEL sunphotometer (20Km to the West, AERONET site. Retrieved products: aerosol optical properties and inversions from AERONET.
  • PM10 Aerosol mass using a multitude of instruments such as beta-attenuation or gravimetric measurements.
  • Mass Size segregated aerosol measurements, in two (coarse and fine) or eleven stages.
  • Chemical composition measurements (Ions, Metals, OC/EC) from filter measurements.
  • On-line ionic composition measurements using PILS instrument (available since summer 2010).
  • Mini-AMS for on line chemical composition measurements (PM1 fraction operationally since summer 2011, i.e., 12 months after ACTRIS is accepted).
  • Number size segregated aerosol measurements using a DMPS.
  • Optical properties of aerosols including scattering (both wet and dry) and absorption.Rn and Th activities (to use them as tracer of continental air masses).
  • Flask sampling network (for GHGs in collaboration with LSCE, France).
  • Gas phase measurements of O3, NOx, CO, SO2, HNO3 and organic acids.
  • Gas phase measurements of NMHCs (including terpenes) and OVOCS.
  • Instrumented meteo and solar irradiance station (P,T,U, wind direction and speed, solar UVB and total irradiance).
  • In case of request, an aerosol Lidar (355 nm or 532 nm with depolarization) could be also available.

Access to FKL infrastructure has a multitude of strong-points:

1) Address/include all main activities concerning ACTRIS: e.g., aerosol in situ (physical, chemical, optical), aerosol 3D (i.e., lidar), gas precoursors (VOC, NOxy), cloud-aerosol/cloud parameters (radar, lidar).

2) It is located in a unique environment: FKL is in the southern most point of Europe, with high insolation which favours photochemical activity and fast processing of aerosols. It is located in an area where climatic impact induced by aerosols is expected to be higher compared to GHGs (especially in summer) and thus the climatic role of aerosols can be studied.

3) Offers to the scientific community a number of state of the art instruments for high quality research and experienced personnel to help the users to design their own experiment.

Description of work

Modality of access under this project:
Access is offered both for long-term or short-term activities, for measurement campaigns and/or the unattended operation of automatic equipment (in latter case only actual (physical) access to the station for setup or maitenance of instruments will be accepted). Outdoor and indoor laboratory space is available. Aerosol, gaseous and LIDAR measurements will be able to profit from the existing sampling systems existing in the FKL infrastructure. Help is also offered in the planning of the activities at the FKL.

Support offered under this project:
Scientific and technical support to users is provided through collaboration with existing research and monitoring activities at the site as well as specifically by the partner under this proposal (FORTH). The FKL management team provides administrative support (e.g. on customs), information about work at the FKL, and assistance with travel to the site. Local support includes assistance by the custodians, access to the infrastructure of the Research Stations (sampling systems, accommodation for overnight stays, electricity, water, connection to internet, etc). Users will profit from the broad range of expertise and the strong network established among researchers active in existing projects/programmes. A broad range of auxiliary data will be made available for interpretation of the data. In addition access and training to the analytical equipment existing at the hosting Institute (FORTH) for analysis of the gaseous and aerosol samples is possible.

Outreach of new users:
As seen before, FKL has been widely used by several teams in the frame of International and National projects. Results from FKL have been presented in more than 60 peer reviewed articles by the partner under this proposal and in more than 150 conferences. In addition Finokalia data has been used in a significant numbers of works (>50) for model validation. The high citation received by these works has significantly increased the visibility of FKL in International level. This type of “publicity” will increased the coming years as the rate of papers dealing with FKL data will continue also to increase. In addition facilities at FKL have been also increased and it will certainly attract more scientists in the future. To attract potential new users the web-pages of the station
will be expanded to advertise the TNA access opportunities and to provide potential new users with timely, comprehensive information on the facilities available and current research activities.

Review procedure under this project:
The selection of users will be performed by a single TNA selection panel and is described under the general ACTRIS procedure in section 2.1.6.

Unit of Access:
One unit of access corresponds to 1 full research person-working day (rwd) by a user accessing the
infrastructure (the minimum acceptable access is half a day). The access includes the use of the general infrastructure, on-site logistic support by the infrastructure staff, as well as technical and scientific support related to the use of the facility and data analysis. A confirmation of visit indicating the total quantity of access per user, countersigned by the access provider, is provided after each access.

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